En este artículo se propone un indicador para medir el nivel de capacidad de absorción del conocimiento en Colombia sobre la base de una revisión teórica del concepto y los  diferentes tipos de mediciones empíricamente validadas. Se presenta una definición de la capacidad de absorción y sus dimensiones, que se validó mediante el indicador propuesto como una combinación lineal de estas dimensiones. Las estimaciones se han realizado utilizando la Encuesta de Innovación y Desarrollo Tecnológico (EDIT por sus siglas en español) con datos para el sector de manufactura y la EDIT para el sector de servicios en Colombia. Llegamos a la conclusión que en general en ambos sectores existen  niveles bajos de capacidad de absorción, con excepciones notables en la manufactura de productos químicos , los electrodomésticos, los subsectors de la educación superior y centros investigación y desarrollo.
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