EFECTOS DE LA CALIDAD INSTITUCIONAL EN LA EFICIENCIA DE LOS SISTEMAS DE INNOVACIÓN EN PAÍSES EN DESARROLLO

Resumen

En este artículo se analiza la hipótesis de que las condiciones institucionales afectan significativamente el rendimiento del gasto en Investigación y Desarrollo en sistemas de innovación relativamente rezagados. Se han analizado 51 países en desarrollo durante el período 1980-2008. El constructo dependiente consisten en: i) la productividad del trabajo; y ii) la generación de patentes. Fueron utilizadas tres medidas diferentes de calidad institucional: el control de la corrupción, la predominancia de sistemas democráticos y los derechos políticos. Los resultados empíricos proporcionan evidencia en favor de la proposición de que la calidad institucional es un factor importante en la eficiencia de los recursos aplicados con vistas a la innovación. Estos hallazgos ponen de manifiesto la necesidad de mejoras en los marcos institucionales en los países en desarrollo para que haya evolución en la relación entre el desempeño innovador y gastos en I+D en estos países.
https://doi.org/10.3232/GCG.2017.V11.N1.06
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