DOI:https://doi.org/10.3232/GCG.2017.V11.N2.01

UN ANÁLISIS COMPARADO DEL DESEMPEÑO INNOVADOR DE LAS EMPRESAS EXTRANJERAS Y NACIONALES EN LA INDUSTRIA MANUFACTURERA DE COLOMBIA

Nadia Albis, Isabel Alvarez

Resumen

Este trabajo analiza el desempeño innovador de las subsidiarias extranjeras en comparación con las empresas nacionales usando datos a nivel de firma para la industria manufacturera. Los resultados evidencian que las subsidiarias extranjeras son superiores en la producción de conocimiento en comparación con las firmas domésticas, explicado por una mayor intensidad en el uso de insumos internos y externos de conocimiento. Sin embargo, cuando las subsidiarias extranjeras se comparan con las firmas domésticas que exportan, la brecha en el desempeño innovador no es tan amplia. Los resultados contribuyen a dilucidar como los vínculos entre innovación e internacionalización de las firmas son relevantes también en países en desarrollo
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