DOI:https://doi.org/10.3232/GCG.2018.V12.N1.06

PÉRDIDAS DE ENERGÍA ELÉCTRICA Y REGÍMENES POLÍTICOS EN AMÉRICA LATINA

Santiago López-Cariboni

Resumen

En este artículo discuto la idea de que el acceso irregular a la energía eléctrica puede entenderse como un “programa social de transferencias informales”, el cual utilizan los gobiernos para brindar seguridad en países en desarrollo con economías volátiles. En particular, analizo las consecuencias esperadas de la democratización para la provisión irregular del acceso a la energía eléctrica. En países en desarrollo, los gobiernos democráticos enfrentan el desafío de ofrecer seguridad social dada la ausencia de mecanismos automáticos para suavizar el consumo frente a los recurrentes ‘shocks’ en la economía. Aquí presento evidencia descriptiva que sugiere que las pérdidas de transmisión y distribución (PTD) de electricidad son contracíclicas en países democráticos, no así en las autocracias.

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