Este artículo estudia la participación de la comunidad en la toma de decisiones sobre las inversiones en responsabilidad social corporativa (RSE) de las empresas mineras en Perú y sus condiciones causales a través de las percepciones de los interesados. Con este fin, se entrevistó a miembros de la comunidad, ONGs y consultores. La atención se centró en varias condiciones causales en las que los interesados: a) explican las necesidades de la comunidad, b) reconocen las inversiones realizadas por las empresas, c) creen que los beneficios de la minería no son lo que esperaban, d) declaran los costos generados por estas actividades y e) señalan que el diálogo es la solución. Los datos recopilados se procesaron mediante un análisis de contenido, seguido de un Análisis Cualitativo Comparativo (QCA). Las condiciones que aparecieron en las soluciones del QCA fueron diferentes dependiendo de si la comunidad participaba o no en la toma de decisiones, prevaleciendo la segunda situación. Los resultados ofrecen una mayor comprensión a todas las partes y pueden ayudar a las empresas a mejorar su desempeño
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