¿CÓMO LA CONTRIBUCIÓN DEL TRABAJADOR A LA PRODUCTIVIDAD EXPLICA LA DISMINUCIÓN DE LA DESIGUALDAD EN AMÉRICA DEL SUR?

Resumen

La considerable reducción de la desigualdad en América del Sur durante el período 2002-2011, consistente con el ciclo económico, se relaciona directamente con la disminución de la prima de cualificación entre trabajadores, cuya principal causa es la productividad. Al analizar la relación entre cualificación salarial y productividad, observamos cómo los trabajadores no cualificados han incrementado su contribución a la producción, lo que explica una retribución en forma de un salario más alto por su trabajo, que el de los trabajadores cualificados. Por lo tanto, es coherente el esfuerzo que se ha venido dando, enfocado en mejorar la calidad de la educación inicial y primaria y poner el acento en la capacidad de la educación superior para responder a las necesidades económicas reales de América del Sur.

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